自宅のネットワークを安全な最新の状態にすべきだとはわかっているけれども面倒だ、という人向けに、最近起こった悪夢のような事件を紹介したい。離れた部屋にいる赤ん坊をネットを介してチェックできる「ベビーモニター」が、知らないあいだに何者かに乗っ取られていたという事件だ。

ABC系列のTV局「KTRK」の報道によると、8月第2週の週末の夜、テキサス州に住むマーク・ギルバート氏がふと目を覚ますと、2歳になる娘の部屋から知らない声が聞こえていたという。

「何者かが家に侵入したような感じだった」と、ギルバート氏は語っている。

廊下を歩いて部屋に入ったとき、その声が「起きろアリソン。この[卑猥語]め」と言うのが聞こえたと、ギルバート氏は語る。そして、これまで信頼してきたベビーモニターのカメラが、部屋に入ってくるギルバート氏を見ようとして回転した。同氏は急いで電源プラグをひき抜いた。

アリソンちゃんは聴覚に障害があるため、ベビーモニター事件の間はずっと眠っていたようだとギルバート氏は話す。それでも、この事件は夫婦を震え上がらせた。

ギルバート氏はABCに、「スイッチを入れることは二度とないだろう……ベビーモニター無しでやっていくことになると思う」と語っている。

ギルバート氏は、ABC記事のコメント欄で、ファイアウォールはオンにして、カメラもルーターもパスワードで保護していたと述べている。

ノートパソコンなどのコンピューターに内蔵されているウェブカメラをハッカーが狙うのは、新しいことではない。非常に気味が悪く、言うまでもなく違法なそうした行為は、「リモート管理ツール(RAT)」から「ratting」と呼ばれており、「Ars Technica」が5月に掲載した記事で詳しく取り上げられている。しかし、ベビーモニターがハッキングされたという報道は初めてだ。

『フォーブス』誌の記事によると、ギルバート氏がベビーモニターとして設置していたのは、Foscam社の無線カメラだという。主要機能のひとつとして、「世界中のどこからでもインターネット遠隔モニタリング」とうたわれているカメラだ。

このカメラについては、さまざまな方法で悪用される恐れがあるファームウェアの脆弱性が判明している。また、その問題に対処するファームウェアのアップデートが公開されている。

[Ryan Grenoble(English) 日本語版:緒方亮/ガリレオ]

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    <strong>Source</strong>: Pew Research Center <strong>Gist</strong>: "Fully 95% of teens are online, a percentage that has been consistent since 2006. Yet, the nature of teens’ internet use has transformed dramatically during that time ... Teens are just as likely to have a cell phone as they are to have a desktop or laptop computer. And increasingly these phones are affording teens always-on, mobile access to the internet — in some cases, serving as their primary point of access."

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    <strong>Source</strong>: Common Sense Media <strong>Gist</strong>: "While longitudinal research does allow us to speak in terms of a 'causal' relationship, it is probably more accurate and useful to think about media violence as a 'risk factor' rather than a 'cause' of violence — one variable among many that increases the risk of violent behavior among some children."

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    <strong>Source</strong>: Reuters (to read the actual study, visit <a href="http://archpedi.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1548755">JAMA Pediatrics</a> -- log-in required) <strong>Gist</strong>: "[R]esearchers said the new study backs up earlier findings showing too much screen time and not enough exercise may be separate issues that parents and schools need to address independently."

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    <strong>Source</strong>: Facebook <strong>Gist</strong>: "We investigated anonymized and automatically processed posts and comments by people self-identified as parents and children to understand how conversation patterns with each other might be a bit different from those with their other friends."

  • November 2012: Parents, Teens, and Online Privacy

    <strong>Source</strong>: Pew Research Center <strong>Gist</strong>: "Most parents of teenagers are concerned about what their teenage children do online and how their behavior could be monitored by others. Some parents are taking steps to observe, discuss, and check up on their children’s digital footprints."

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    <strong>Source</strong>: C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children's Health <strong>Gist</strong>: "In this Poll, nearly two out of three adults expressed strong support for proposed COPPA updates, including requiring apps designed for kids to confirm that users are at least 13 and prohibiting apps from collecting personal information from users under age 13."

  • November 2012: The Online Generation Gap

    <strong>Source</strong>: Family Online Safety Institute <strong>Gist</strong>: "These surveys indicate that teens’ concerns about their online safety parallel parents’ concerns more closely than parents realize and that many teens are taking steps to protect their privacy and personal information. Nonetheless, teens suggest that parents are not as informed about what their teens do online as parents think they are, and some teens are taking risks by providing personal information to strangers online."

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    <strong>Source</strong>: Common Sense Media <strong>Gist</strong>: "America’s teachers -- whether they are long-time classroom veterans or young, tech-savvy ones, at wealthy schools or low-income schools, public or private, elementary or high school -- surface relatively consistent concerns: Students are having issues with their attention span, writing, and face-to-face communication, and, in the experience of teachers, children’s media use is contributing to the problem. On the plus side, teachers find that young people’s facility with media is helping them find information quickly and multitask more effectively."

  • November 2012: How Teens Do Research in the Digital World

    <strong>Source</strong>: Pew Research Center <strong>Gist</strong>: "Three-quarters of AP [Advanced Placement] and NWP [National Writing Project] teachers say that the internet and digital search tools have had a 'mostly positive' impact on their students’ research habits, but 87% say these technologies are creating an 'easily distracted generation with short attention spans' and 64% say today’s digital technologies 'do more to distract students than to help them academically.'"

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    <strong>Source</strong>: Common Sense Media <strong>Gist</strong>: "Three out of four teens have social networking sites, and half of all teens are on their sites on a daily basis. But despite our concerns about social media, in the vast majority of cases, these media do not appear to be causing great tumult in teenagers’ lives."

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  • November 2011: Teens, Kindness And Cruelty on Social Network Sites: How American Teens Navigate the New World of “Digital Citizenship”

    <strong>Source</strong>: Pew Research Center <strong>Gist</strong>: “As social media use has become pervasive in the lives of American teens, a new study finds that 69% of the teenagers who use social networking sites say their peers are mostly kind to one another on such sites. Still, 88% of these teens say they have witnessed people being mean and cruel to another person on the sites, and 15% report that they have been the target of mean or cruel behavior on social network sites.”

  • November 2011: Preschool-Aged Children’s Television Viewing in Child Care Settings

    <strong>Source</strong>: Pediatrics <strong>Gist</strong>: “We found that children in as many as 70% of home-based child care settings and 36% of center-based child care settings watch television daily. More importantly, when television is viewed at all, infants and children spend 2 to 3 hours watching in home-based programs and ~1.5 hours watching in center-based programs.”

  • October 2011: Media Use by Children Younger Than 2 Years

    <strong>Source</strong>: Pediatrics <strong>Gist</strong>: “This updated policy statement provides further evidence that media—both foreground and background—have potentially negative effects and no known positive effects for children younger than 2 years. Thus, the AAP reaffirms its recommendation to discourage media use in this age group. This statement also discourages the use of background television intended for adults when a young child is in the room.”

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    <strong>Source</strong>: Common Sense Media <strong>Gist</strong>: "Nine-month-olds spend nearly an hour a day watching television or DVDs, 5-year-olds are begging to play with their parents’ iPhones, and 7-year-olds are sitting down in front of a computer several times a week to play games, do homework, or check out how their avatars are doing in their favorite virtual worlds. Television is still as popular as ever, but reading may be beginning to trend downward. Having an accurate understanding of the role of media in children’s lives is essential for all of those concerned about promoting healthy child development: parents, educators, pediatricians, public health advocates, and policymakers, to name just a few."

  • July 2011: Cell Phone Study ‘Misleading’: Children May Still Be At Increased Cancer Risk, Experts Say

    <strong>Source</strong>: The Huffington Post <strong>Gist</strong>: “[E]xperts have some serious concerns regarding the methods and conclusions of the first study evaluating the connection between cell phone radiation and brain cancer in children and teens. Not only was the study flawed, they note, but it was also financially supported by the cell phone industry.”

  • October 2010: Children's Screen Viewing Is Related to Psychological Difficulties Irrespective of Physical Activity

    <strong>Source</strong>: Pediatrics <strong>Gist</strong>: “This study found that greater television and computer use was related to greater psychological difficulties, independent of gender, age, level of deprivation, pubertal status, and objectively measured physical activity and sedentary time.”

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    <strong>Source</strong>: Pediatrics <strong>Gist</strong>: "Viewing television and playing video games each are associated with increased subsequent attention problems in childhood. It seems that a similar association among television, video games, and attention problems exists in late adolescence and early adulthood."

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    <strong>Source</strong>: Pew Research Center <strong>Gist</strong>: “Fully two-thirds of teen texters say they are more likely to use their cell phones to text their friends than talk to them to them by cell phone.”

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